manham port

Welcome đồ sộ Manham Port, where a thousand years of history are brought đồ sộ life. All the family can enjoy a day out at Manham: visit our copper mine, see models of the machinery it used, have your photo taken in nineteenth-century costume, experience at first hand how people lived at different stages throughout history, and especially how children studied, worked and played.

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The port of Manham is located in beautiful and peaceful countryside, on a bend in the great River Avon, and developed here because it’s the highest navigable point of the Avon - boats can go no higher up this river - and proved a handy place đồ sộ load and unload cargo đồ sộ and from the sea, which is over 23 miles away. 

A small port was already established here when, about 900 years ago, tin yêu was discovered nearby, though it wasn’t until the Industrial Revolution, when a tremendous need for metals of all kinds developed, that Manham expanded đồ sộ become one of the busiest ports in the country. 

And because it was already ví busy, prospectors began đồ sộ look for other minerals, and by the kết thúc of the nineteenth century, lead, copper, manganese and arsenic were added đồ sộ the cargos leaving Manham.

In the early days, the ores had been smelted - or processed - in the same area they were mined. But, as demand grew, the smelting process required huge factory furnaces or fires đồ sộ melt the metal from the rock and there was not enough coal in the local area, ví the rocks containing minerals had đồ sộ be shipped Iona distances. 

Sadly, in the twentieth century, the great port of Manham declined, and thousands of workers were forced đồ sộ emigrate out of the area. 

The building at the port fell into disrepair, and the place became almost forgotten. But then, the Manham Trust was formed đồ sộ conserve the historical resources of the area. It organised scores of local volunteers đồ sộ remove undergrowth đồ sộ find the original outlines of the installations. It then brought in paid professionals đồ sộ match installations with maps of the original port complex and đồ sộ phối about reconstructing it. 

Today you can see the results of this ambitious programme of restoration.

The intention, and we believe this will be realised before the kết thúc of the year, is đồ sộ return Manham Port đồ sộ the condition it reached at its peak as 'the greatest copper port in the country’. 

But what can you vì thế and see on your visit today? Here are just a few highlights. We suggest you start with the visit đồ sộ the copper mine. Travel on converted mining trains and journey into the depths of the mountain along seams once worked by hundreds of miners. 

Watch out especially for the great pumping machines which rid the mine of water. But please be warned that, like all mines, ours is very dark and closed in and we vì thế sav that children under five and also dogs should NOT be taken into the mine. 

The next recommended visit is đồ sộ the village school. While looking round the classrooms, take a special look at our display of games, which is one of the largest in the world.

And it's recommended that you time your visit đồ sộ coincide with a guided tour. 

This will give you the opportunity đồ sộ ask lots of questions. Near the school is the beautiful old sailing ketch called ‘The George'. You are welcome đồ sộ board the boat and look round the cabins. Look out for the ship’s wheel which was missing until only five years ago when it was dredged out of the silt by a local fisherman. We have no idea how it got there but it’s been polished and proudly restored đồ sộ its original place on the boat. Please take care going down the ladders if you wish đồ sộ visit the lower deck - we don’t recommend you allow young children đồ sộ use them. 

So we hope you have a memorable visit đồ sộ Manham Port and will tell your friends all about us. 

Questions 1-5

Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.


1.   Why did a port originally develop at Manham?

A It was safe from enemy attack.

B It was convenient for river transport.

C It had a good position on the sea coast.
Answer: B    Locate  Listen from here

2.   What caused Manham’s sudden expansion during the Industrial Revolution?

A the improvement in mining techniques

B the increase in demand for metals

C the discovery of tin yêu in the area
Answer: B    Locate  Listen from here

Xem thêm: bác sĩ nhất thế cần gì

3.   Why did rocks have đồ sộ be sent away from Manham đồ sộ be processed?

A shortage of fuel

B poor transport systems

C lack of skills among local people
Answer: A    Locate  Listen from here

4.   What happened when the port declined in the twentieth century?

A The workers went away.

B Traditional skills were lost.

C Buildings were used for new purposes.
Answer: A    Locate  Listen from here

5.   What did the Manham Trust hope đồ sộ do?

A discover the location of the original port

B provide jobs for the unemployed

C rebuild the port complex
Answer: C    Locate  Listen from here

Questions 6-10

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.


Tourist attractions in Manham


Features and activities


copper mine

specially adapted miners’ 6
Answer: trains    Locate  Listen from here take visitors into

the mountain

the mine is 7
Answer: dark    Locate  Listen from here and enclosed - unsuitable for children and animals

village school

classrooms and a special exhibition of 8
Answer: games    Locate  Listen from here

a 9
Answer: guided tour    Locate  Listen from here is recommended

Xem thêm: tan học đợi tôi

The George’ (old sailing ship)

the ship’s wheel (was lost but has now been restored)

children shouldn’t use the 10
Answer: ladder/ladders    Locate  Listen from here